Additional HSR Resources
Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP)
The United States Department of Health and Human Services, Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) offers educational resources, tools, links and guidance on a variety of topics related to human subjects research education.
The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) and the Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) presents the interactive training video, The Research Clinic.
The Belmont Report
In 1979, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research issued the Belmont Report, a ground-breaking document outlining ethical principles and guidelines for human subjects protection.
Declaration of Helsinki
In 1964, the World Medical Association (WMA) adopted the Declaration of Helsinki, which provides ethical guidance for physicians engaging in medical research on human subjects.
The Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) keeps a guidebook to aid in "understanding the policies and principles that underlie the regulations governing research with human subjects, and in identifying the issues to which one should be sensitive in designing or reviewing research proposals."
The Nuremberg Code
In 1947, following the trials of Nazi war criminals engaged in human experimentation, a set of principles for human subjects research were adopted as the Nuremberg Code.
Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R)'s mission is to advance the highest ethical standards in the conduct of biomedical and social science/behavioral research. They accomplish this mission through education, membership services, professional certification, and public policy initiatives.